“N&S: John Thornton, Love Lessons”, Ch. 51 (PG-13): With This Rrring, I Thee Wed, April 26, 2014 Gratiana Lovelace (Post #553)
[I will illustrate my story using my dream cast from the 2004 BBC production of “North & South” and other actors for additional characters: Richard Armitage for John Thornton, Daniela Denby-Ashe for Margaret Hale, Lesley Manville for Mrs. Maria Hale, Tim Pigott-Smith for Mr. Richard Hale, Sinead Cusack for Mrs. Hannah Thornton, Jo Joyner for Fanny Thornton, Brendan Coyle for Nicholas Higgins, Graham McTavish as Dr. Cameron Ogilvy, Holliday Grainger for Angharad Ogilvy MacIntosh, Simon Woods for Baird Ogilvy, and Emma Ashton as Mrs. Dillard, John Light as Henry Lennox, Tim Faraday as Watson, Gillian Anderson at Carlotta Quint Watson, and Jeremy Northam as Dr. Miles Houghton, etc] [(1) story logo]
Author’s Mature Content Note: “N&S: John Thornton, Love Lessons” is a story with mature themes of love and relationships set within a period drama of the 1850’s and beyond. As such there will be heartfelt moments of love and sensuality (S)–as well as other dramatic emotions, including some violence (V)–and I will rate those chapters accordingly. If you are unable or unwilling to attend a movie with the ratings that I provide, then please do not read that chapter. This is my disclaimer.
Author’s Recap from the previous chapter: In meeting Baird’s other Ogilvy cousins for the pre-wedding gatherings and wedding rehearsal–Lord Jamie Ogilvy and his wife Lady Thistle and their children ten year old Hamish and five year old Blythe–John, Margaret, and Fanny realized that life blesses us with many gifts. And the most treasured gift is that of valuing and respecting others who might be different than ourselves. John Thornton realized that though Jamie might have a calm spirit and a slowness about him due to a brain injury as a child, that Jamie is as good a man and father as John hopes to be. And Fanny sees in Blythe a little girl adapting to and overcoming her leg shortness with the love of family and her new best friend little Lissa Dillard. Previously, Fanny replied as to why she likes little ones, children do not judge a person, nor make them live up to some impossible standard of perfection. Just so. And now Fanny will be joining the Ogilvy family, their Clan, as she and Baird are married this weekend.
“N&S: John Thornton, Love Lessons”, Ch. 51 (PG-13): With This Rrring, I Thee Wed
Due to Margaret being six months pregnant and more tired than usual, it is decided that she will host the ladies and their children at Thornton Manor to Friday luncheon and an afternoon of girlish frivolity to celebrate Fanny’s upcoming wedding on Saturday–so that Margaret does not have to leave home. Lissa Dillard joins them and she will stay overnight with her Nana Hannah at Hannah’s and Cameron’s home so that she will be gotten ready properly for her role as a Flower Girl for Fanny’s wedding–with much tied rag curls and such. The men are off on their own for Friday Lunch and afternoon–helping Baird do whatever men do to prepare for marriage. But first, Fanny must be prepared for their marriage.
John and Margaret have reorganized the family bed chambers floor of Thornton Manor since Hannah’s and Cameron’s wedding, Margaret now having free reign to remake her home as she wishes. For her, this entails making it more cozy and livable–less elegantly untouchable, which had been the hallmark of Hannah’s pre-marriage to Cameron decorating style. So Margaret’s lady of the manor bed chamber adjoining her and John’s shared bed chamber is being converted into a baby nursery.
And another large sized bed chamber across the hall from John’s and Margaret’s bed chamber was converted into a private family parlor with one side of the room having comfortable overstuffed chairs and lounging couches in it around one fireplace for a conversation seating area. And on the other side of the room around the other fireplace is a large open space with one adult and one child sized tables and chairs and such for informal dining as well as being a play, school, and crafts area for children. The walls are painted the palest of blues with whimsical accents in the blue toile [(2) right] drapes and brightly red hued (scandalous!) pillows strewn about the couches and chairs. It is here in this private family parlor that John and Margaret and their growing family will enjoy most of their private family time together in the coming years.
After Lord Jamie Ogilvy had deposited their five year old daughter Blythe in this Thornton family parlor on the 2nd floor of Thornton Manor, Blythe and Lissa Dillard [(3) a, b right] instantly hugged each other and became inseparable as they and the other children eagerly looked around the room for its many play possibilities.
So it was a good thing that luncheon was light and quick with finger sandwiches that are normally found at tea time or on a picnic–including fruit, and raw vegetables. Hannah raised an eyebrow or two at the seeming unconventionality of a Bride’s luncheon being so informal and picnic like. But she granted that it worked well with the Ogilvy, MacIntosh and Lissa Dillard little ones whom she over saw after luncheon as they played with building blocks and dollies, and dressup for little girls and little boys, some games of cards and chess, etc.
However, with the children having eaten, they now have more energy. So Hannah suggests a game of musical chairs to tire them out that is to be played by nine year old Hamish, five year old Blythe, four year old Lissa, and three year old Andrew–with Andrew’s six month old sister Amanda being cradled in her Mummy Angharad’s arms over with the young ladies. At first, the Ogilvy and MacIntosh cousins do not know how to play the game.
Hannah: “Well, we will arrange four chairs at first–two facing each way. Then you walk around the chairs as I hum. When I stop humming, you sit down. Each time, we will take away one chair. The person who does not have a chair to sit on, steps out of the game. The last person sitting down in a chair wins.”
The children nod eagerly–all but little Blythe, for this game requires much walking and possible jostling.
Blythe: Her lip quivering and her eyes tearing up, Blythe trembles. “I do na think I can play this walking game. I do na want to fall down.” Blythe knows how weak her short leg is, because walking is difficult and slow for her–even with her thicker soled shoe helping to balance her legs.
Hannah winces, instantly regretting being so inconsiderate as to choose a physical game that might be hard for Blythe. But a little voice comes to Hannah’s and Blythe’s rescue.
Lissa: Holding Blythe’s hand and squeezing gently, Lissa asks. “Nana Hannah? May we play this game slowly? I have new shoes for the wedding, and they are hard when I walk.” Lissa is supposed to wear her new shoes from Hannah today, to break them in. But the leather on them is a bit tough on Lissa’s tender feet.
Hannah: “Hmmm. Maybe we should get you shoes that fit you better on the way home. Let me help you take those shoes off so you will feel more comfortable while we play.”
Lissa smiles gratefully at her Nana Hannah for understanding. However Blythe watches transfixed as Lissa’s shoes are removed to see her standing upright in her stocking feet with legs that are the same length–legs being the same length not something that little Blythe has. Her brother Hamish notices that Blythe is very quiet.
Lissa: “Thank you! My feet don’t hurt now.” Lissa wiggles her toes in her stockings.
Hannah: “So! Shall we play musical chairs?” She smiles at all the children. Blythe bites her lower lip.
Then another less little voice also weighs in.
Hamish: “You can do it, Blythe. We won’t trrrry to knock you overrr, will we Andrrrew?”
Andrew: “Huh?” Their cousin Andrew MacIntosh is only three years old. And he really hasn’t been paying attention to the rules of the game.
Hannah: “Well, let’s try it, shall we?” Hannah says encouragingly. The four children nod–even Blythe nods.
Hannah hums a tune for a few moments, then stops. The children stop and look at her.
Hannah: “Sit down, please.” The children all sit down–there are four chairs and four children. “Alright, now let’s take one chair away.”
And little Andrew’s chair that he had sat upon is removed to the side and Hannah begins to hum for several moments. The four children start to slowly walk around the three chairs, but little Andrew peels off in search of the fourth chair, his chair. Hannah stops humming and the children sit down–with Andrew sitting on the floor, he is out of the game. At three years old, he didn’t understand the game anyway. The humming and sitting down repeats with Hamish not getting a chair to sit in as he smiles encouragingly at his sister Blythe. Then it is down to one chair and two little girls. Hannah hums for a few moments as Lissa and Blythe slowly walk around the single chair. Lissa walking behind Blythe motions to her Nana Hannah to let Blythe win. So, when Blythe is just in front of the chair, Hannah stops humming and Blythe sits down. She wins! The children crowd around Blythe and pat her on the back–and she and Lissa hug like long lost sisters.
Lissa: “You did it!” Lissa says gleefully, her having an innate sense of compassion and love for her new friend.
Blythe: “I won!” Blythe smiles in wonderment.
The young mothers of these children and and Fanny watch with bemused smiles from the other side of the room. They note that Hannah then switches to a drawing game where everyone may sit down. One might wonder why Hannah was so eager to supervise the extended family little ones at today’s Bride’s ladies gathering. But it was by design–to allow the young married ladies of Margaret, Angharad, and Thistle to gently guide Fanny to an understanding about marital intimacies that she will soon experience.
With the young married ladies–a nearly six months pregnant Margaret Thornton, Angharad Macintosh cradling her sleeping six month old baby Amanda, Thistle Oglivy–and Fanny Thornton are all sitting on the other side of the room from the children on the comfortable lounging couches around the fireplace talking of the upcoming wedding, and such. But there is more than mere ladies conversation and chit chat to be shared. For these young married ladies are tasked with acclimating Fanny to her soon to be wifely duties.
Fanny: Smiling excitedly, Fanny gushes. “I cannot wait for my wedding tomorrow! I will finally be Baird’s wife! Thank you so much for loaning me your beautiful gown and tiara Angharad. I will feel like a princess!”
The other ladies smile warmly at Fanny–Margaret wryly noticing that Fanny is not wearing the tiara for the moment when it had been firmly planted on her head almost from the moment Baird had showed it to her.
Angharad: “Ye arrre cerrrtain to be beautiful brrride, Fanny.” Angharad smiles with sisterly affection.
Margaret and Thistle chime in: “Yes, you will.”
Fanny: “Thank you. And thank you for helping make our wedding as wonderful as I know it will be with your presence.” Fanny says warmly to the other ladies.
Thistle: “Ye arrre welcome, Fanny.” She pauses and looks at the other two ladies–Margaret and Angharad–who nod back to her. “My Dearrr, we want ye to know about … being a wife.” She says a bit vaguely at first.
Fanny: “Oh! I am sure that I will have much to learn. . I can’t even make toast–let alone tea! But Baird says that we are to have a cook and a housekeeper–so I won’t be entirely adrift. Poor Baird would starve if we had to survive on my cooking skills.” She grins impishly.
Angharad: “Yes, of courrrse, Fanny. But that isn’t what Thistle was rrreferrring to.” She blushes.
Fanny: “Oh?” Fanny thinks for a minute. Then she claps her hands together. “Oh, I forgot! Baird also says that I may bring my ladies maid to our home to attend me–he already has a valet.” She grins.
Margaret: “That is nice, Fanny. However, we will miss, Clara.” For this is the first Margaret has heard that the ladies maid whom she shares with Fanny will be going to London with Fanny. But Margaret regroups.
Thistle: “Oh, forrr heaven’s sake. Fanny, we wonderrr if ye know wherrre babies come frrrom?” Thistle asks boldly.
Fanny: Fanny’s face pinkens. “From …?” The three young married ladies lean toward Fanny. “From, their mothers?” Fanny gestures at Margaret’s plumply pregnant state. Fanny not having lived in the countryside at all, she has not seen animals in their natural mating state.
Thistle, Angharad, and Margaret exchange worried looks. Then they give Fanny a triptych of forced smiles. They will have to probe further.
Margaret: “Fanny Dear, we know that you and Baird have kissed.” She begins haltingly.
Angharad: “They have?” Angharad looks astonished. For she and her husband Alistair did not kiss until their wedding night.
Fanny: “Yes.” Fanny nods her head sheepishly as she blushes.
Margaret: “Well after you are married, when you and Baird retire for the night and sleep in bed together, you will kiss … and more. Hhhhh!” She expels a puff of air and fans herself. Margaret does not feel comfortable in going further in her explanation. But she has not really given an explanation.
Fanny: “More?” Fanny looks at her quizzically.
Thistle: Hoping to move the discussion along, Thistle gets to the point. “Aye. The love that ye and Bairrrd sharrre will naturrrally lead to ye and he making love after ye are married.”
Fanny: “Make love? That sounds nice.” She smiles. Though it is clear to the other ladies that Fanny is still ignorant of details.
Angharad: Angharad tries another approach. “Yes! Ummm. Fanny? You have changed baby boys’ wrrrappers?”
Fanny: Fanny nods, then she makes a face. “Yes, Edith’s boy Sholto. You have to keep the baby boys covered or they water all over you. Most annoying. Hhhh!” Fanny shakes her head in disgust. Margaret and Angharad chuckle.
Thistle: “Yes! Well! Little boys grow into bigger men.” Thistle smiles a secret smile, thinking about her Jamie. Angharad, Margaret, and Fanny stare at Thistle who is looking rather wistfully up at the ceiling. Then Thistle regroups. “Kkkhh! As I was saying, you and Baird on your wedding night will …”
Thistle leans forward and whispers confidentially into Fanny’s ear. Angharad and Margaret sit inert, but tilt their heads to their shoulders in unison as they watch Fanny’s facial expressions change as Thistle explains things to her. First, Fanny’s face blushes a flattering warm pink shade. Then as Thistle continues whispering Fanny’s mouth opens in astonishment and disbelief–and Fanny shakes her head no, as if to say, surely not. Thistle looks at Fanny and nods her head with a wicked smile. Finally, Thistle finishes her whispered tutelage with the very pleasant ending bit and Fanny’s face goes positively crimson. Fanny leans back and looks mutely questioningly at Thistle, then Margaret, then Angharad.
Fanny: Then Fanny finds her voice and she points to them. “Each of you have …?” Fanny’s hand rolls in lieu of finishing her thought out loud. The young married ladies nod their heads with blushing faces.
Margaret: “Do you have any questions for us, Fanny?” Margaret asks with trepidation.
Fanny: Fanny thinks for a moment. She ponders a bit longer, and then Fanny finally says hesitantly, but seriously. “Yes, I do have a question. Are the husbands telling Baird about this at his bridegroom men’s gathering today, or do I have to tell him?”
It begins as a low chuckle, that turns into giggling titters, and then Margaret, Angharad, and Thistle erupt into howls of pealing laughter.
Angharad, Margaret, and Thistle: “Ha ha ha ha ha haha ha ha ha!” They are laughing so hard that they have tears coming from their eyes. And Margaret holds her pregnant belly as Angharad tries to muffle her laughter so as not to waken baby Amanda.
Fanny: “What is so funny?” Fanny asks innocently–very innocently–as the other ladies continue to laugh [(4) right].
And hearing the unbridled laughter from the other end of the room, Hannah looks up from her helping the children with their drawings, and smiles. It is done.
Across town in Cameron’s home, Baird Ogilvy is actually having a somewhat similar conversation with John Thornton, Alistair MacIntosh, Jamie Ogilvy, and Baird’s father Dr. Cameron Ogilvy. It is just that the men’s conversation is more about being patient and tender–than logistical explanations. Not surprisingly, the guileless Jamie is first to offer his advice.
Jamie: “My Thistle and I had been childhood sweethearrrts. She was the only lassie forrr me. So when we marrried ten years ago, we had known each other all ourrr lives. I marrrried me best frrriend and me dearrrest love.” He smiles happily.
Alistair: Loathe to speak candidly in front of his father-in-law, Cameron, Alistair weighs in delicately. “Twas similar with me wife Angharad and I. Though she is five years younger than I am. So I had to wait until she grrrew up beforrre we could wed.”
All eyes turn to John and Cameron.
John: “I am nine years older than my wife, Margaret. Actually, she didn’t much like me at first. And I thought that my love for her would be in vain. But she saw past my stiffness which was me feeling awkward. And she gave me another chance. And well, here we are–about to become parents in a little over three months time.” John puffs up with pride.
Now it is Cameron’s turn. And the sixty year old Earl of Airlie smiles knowingly. For though young men may think that they are in sole possession of the designation of lover, they are not.
Cameron: “I am blessed with me Hannah’s love.” Is all he is willing to say–in the presence of his son-in-law, John.
Baird: “Yes, but I have na bedded an innocent before. I do na want to frighten Fiona.” Baird looks at the men nervously.
Baird also notices John looking away from him. John simply cannot entertain the notion that giving his sister in marriage to Baird entails Fanny entering into marital relations with Baird.
Cameron: “Hannah assured me that she and the young married ladies–Angharad, Margaret, and Thistle–would convey the necessary information to Fanny.”
Baird: “I hope so.” He winces.
Fanny’s and Baird’s wedding at 11:00 o’clock on Saturday morning is beautiful–despite the kilt wearing Scottish knight bagpipe players who tried and succeeded in drowning out the church organ. The sanctuary is festooned with pink ribbons and pink and white roses. Blythe with her pink ribbon festooned walking stick and Lissa with her pink ribbon festooned basket of flower petals walk slowly and confidently down the aisle together–each taking turns dropping flower petals from the basket that Lissa carries.
And John happily, but reluctantly, will give Fanny away in marriage to Baird. As they stand at the entrance to the sanctuary, all eyes are upon John and Fanny waiting to walk down the aisle.
John: Leaning over to Fanny, John smiles lovingly. “You look beautiful, Fanny Dear.”
Fanny: “Oh! Thank you, Johnny.” She smiles sweetly up at her big brother. “And thank you for everything, thank you for being my brother. I love you very much.” She tears up
John: “And I love you, my little Fanny.” His eyes mist over–for he has been both brother and father to his little sister these past sixteen years. “But we had best save our joyous tears. Your impatient bridegroom awaits.” John nods to the end of the aisle where Baird stands tall and regal in his proper English dress attire–no kilts for Baird.
The church organist begins to play “Trumpet Voluntary” [(5)]. And John walks his sister Fanny up the center church aisle toward Baird. The companion recessional song will be played by the Scottish Knight bagpipers.
Baird gazes transfixed at the sight of his Fiona walking toward him. To him, she is a vision of loveliness, grace, poise, and exquisite maidenly beauty. Baird smiles for how thoroughly he has surrendered his heart to this feisty and unconventional lady. And she also has no equal in brazen honesty–which he is learning to find endearing, even when it involves chastising heroes of the realm like the Duke of Wellington. And to think that he almost lost her, Baird shudders at what his stupid pride almost cost him. For in his Fiona’s eyes as she walks toward him on her brother’s arm, Baird sees his future happiness tightly and lovingly intertwined with hers.
John stands at the front of the aisle with Fanny until the vicar asks.
Vicar: “Who gives this woman to be wed?”
John: In a strong and clear voice, John says. “I do.” Then he releases Fanny’s hand from his arm, turns to her and lifts her veil, kisses her cheek, then places her hand within Baird’s outstretched hand. Then John turns and sits in the front pew next to his mother–with the very pregnant Maid of Honor Margaret sitting on a chair before the altar with Fanny’s other bridal attendants, Ann Lattimer, Blythe Ogilvy, and Lissa Dillard (wearing more comfortable shoes today).
Fanny and Baird turn toward each other and hold hands. Fanny looks exquisite in her ivory and pearl beaded gown originally borrowed from Angharad–but who promptly gave the gown to her as a wedding gift, to Fanny’s delight. And the Airlie Tiara stays firmly seated on Fanny’s head [(6) right]. And Baird’s reason for eschewing the traditional kilt over the formal trousers that he is now wearing is due to the bracing winds that they are experiencing today. The vicar interrupts Baird and Fanny’s silent reverie.
Vicar: “I require and charge you both, here in the presence of God, that if either of you know any reason why you may not be united in marriage lawfully, and in accordance with God’s Word, you do now confess it.” [(7) quoted here and below]
A silence is kept for a few moments as the vicar looks around those present for anyone else who might provide an impediment to the marriage. Fanny and Baird [(8) right] just smile at each other sweetly–knowing that there is no barrier to their love and marriage. Then the vicar continues with the Declaration of Consent, that Fanny and Baird must repeat.
Vicar: “Fiona Thornton, will you have this man to be your husband; to live together in the covenant of marriage? Will you love him, comfort him, honor and keep him, in sickness and in health; and, forsaking all others, be faithful to him as long as you both shall live?”
Fanny: “I will.”
Vicar: “Baird Ogilvy, will you have this woman to be your wife; to live together in the covenant of marriage? Will you love her, comfort her, honor and keep her, in sickness and in health; and, forsaking all others, be faithful to her as long as you both shall live?”
Baird: “I will.”
Vicar: Turning to the congregation present, the Vicar asks. “Will all of you witnessing these promises do all in your power to uphold these two persons in their marriage?”
Those present: “We will.”
Then an opening well wishing is followed by several bible verse readings and a homily about the marriage being like a three legged stool. When the stool has only two legs–those being the husband and wife–the stool will not support them, and the marriage will falter. But adding the third leg to the stool–of faith in god who blesses their union–the couple embarks upon a marriage that transcends their individual states to combine anew as husband and wife. And the homily is blessedly short and does not mix any other metaphors in it. Then their final wedding vows are spoken by Baird and his Fiona.
Baird: “In the Name of God, I, Baird, take you, Fiona, to be my wife, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, until we are parted by death. This is my solemn vow.”
Fanny: “In the Name of God, I, Fiona, take you, Baird, to be my husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, until we are parted by death. This is my solemn vow.
And then Baird and his Fiona exchange rings–they are wearing Baird’s great Grandfather’s and great Grandmother’s wedding rings engraved with intricately carved love knots. Nine year old Hamish Ogilvy proud offers the wedding rings lying on flowers on a pillow to the bride and groom [(9) right].
Fanny had already moved Baird’s late Mother’s cameo ring to her right hand. But now she is doubly surprised by Baird removing a specially commissioned and delicately beautiful one carat diamond engagement ring in a raised filigree gold setting [(10) right] from his vest pocket and placing it upon his Fiona’s ring finger after her wedding ring.
Fanny: “Oh Baird!” With tears streaming down her eyes, Fanny sighs looking at Baird lovingly for this expected and precious gift.
Baird: “Fiona my love, though ye will have me late Motherrr’s cameo rrring to wearrr on yourrr right hand, I thought that ye might enjoy having a bit of sparrrkle all your own next to your heirrrloom wedding rrring.” Baird’s eyes twinkle in merriment for keeping this gift a surprise.
Baird and Fanny begin to lean in toward one another for their marriage kiss. But they are interrupted.
Vicar: “Kkkh! We are not quite done here.” The vicar motions for Fanny and Baird to lean back–and they do so with shy smiles. The wedding guests chuckle. “Now that Baird and Fiona have given themselves to each other by solemn vows, with the joining of hands and the giving and receiving of rings, I pronounce that they are husband and wife, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Those whom God has joined together let no one put asunder.”
Fanny and Baird look expectantly at the vicar. He nods with a smile. And Fanny and Baird lean forward and kiss each other sweetly and tenderly for the briefest of moments. For even on this joyous occasion of their wedding, they must be discreet and act with decorum. Their passions will have to wait for their wedding night.
To be continued with Chapter 52
“N&S: JT Love Lessons”, Ch. 51 References, April 26, 2014 Gratiana Lovelace (Post #553)
1) “N&S: John Thornton, Love Lessons” story logo: Richard Armitageas John Thornton and Daniela Denby-Ashe in the 2004 BBC period drama North & South, was found at richardarmitagenet.com/images/gallery/nands/album/episode3/ns3-110.jpg ; For more information about this wonderful 2004 BBC miniseries adaptation of Elizabeth’s Gaskell’s story North & South, visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_&_South_%28TV_serial%29
2) Toile as a type of fabric pattern was found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toile and an example of blue toile curtains was found at http://www.llph.co.uk/Duvets/toile-blue-curtains.jpg
3) Blythe Ogilvy and Lissa Dillard images are a composite of:
a) Blythe image is Portrait of a Young Girl by Paul Emile Chabas found at http://www.oceansbridge.com/oil-paintings/product/89623/portraitofayounggirl ;
b) Image representing Lissa Dillard is an MS Office Clip Art,Jan0514 Gratiana Lovelace
4) Fanny Thornton was portrayed by Jo Joyner in the 2004 BBC drama North & South (11h03m52s71) Jan1214 Gratiana Lovelace Cap-crop-sized-brt
5) “Jeremiah Clarke – Trumpet Voluntary “ a video by BritainShallPrevailhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRrss4kBi2M ; Trumpet Voluntary was composed by Jeremiah Clarke around 1700 for more information about this music, visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpet_Voluntary
6) Fanny in her wedding tiara is a composite image of:
a) Fanny in her wedding gown vlcsnap-22h57m18s52_Dec2813 Gratiana Lovelace Cap-crop;
b) The Ancona Tiara image and history were found at http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2013/06/tiara-thursday-ancona-tiara.html
7) The Anglican wedding ceremony phrasing is quoted from http://www.bcponline.org/PastoralOffices/marriage.htm ]
8) Baird Ogilvy image (aspect, sized, drkn) is Simon Woods as Charles Bingley in the 2005 film Pride and Prejudice found at fanpop.com http://images5.fanpop.com/image/photos/25000000/Mr-Bingley-pride-and-prejudice-men-25086484-200-200.jpg
9) Celtic wedding rings were found at http://www.bellchamber.net/PhotoGallery/R69GF_R69GN_HRM018.jpg
10) One carat gold filigree diamond engagement ring was found at http://www.jewelrybod.net/wp-content/uploads//yellow-gold-diamond-wedding-rings-jbiqztbf.jpg